Infants and children whose mothers are addicted to opioids face challenges with attachment bonding and self-regulation. Deficits in these areas are known to lead to child social and emotional delays. Dyadic interventions that directly address both attachment and co-regulation are important additions to substance abuse treatment programs for pregnant or parenting women. We summarize the research on why these dyads are so vulnerable to attachment disturbances and describe a number of evidence-based interventions.
Clinical Assistant Professor Director of Child Clinical Services,
UNC Medical School