Counselors cope with feelings of being stuck and not knowing what to say by using reality therapy. In feeling lost for words, both experienced and neophyte counselors sometimes report a sense of self-doubt and powerlessness. Reality therapy provides specific alternatives for counselors whose feelings of intimidation intensify when counseling groups whose problems seem overwhelming. The advanced use of the WDEP system also helps counselors relate to clients who are different from them or are resistant and rebellious.
The leader, a former school counselor and halfway house group counselor, role-play demonstrates group counseling using advanced reality therapy, emphasizing skills that participants can use immediately. This demonstration focuses on applications to diverse clients, illustrates the WDEP system as integrated into stages of group development and shows specific interventions facilitating the progress of the group by helping clients feel included, resolve conflicts, develop cohesion and plan for implementation. Choice theory, the foundation of reality therapy, emphasizes 5 human motivators or universal needs to be incorporated into the stages of group development. Reality therapy provides specific interventions effective in a multicultural context. The simulated demonstration shows specifically how to incorporate metaphorical techniques such as the fork in the road for assisting clients to indirectly self-evaluate their behavior. Handouts provide evidence of the efficacy of reality therapy with summaries of research conducted in Asia and North America, testimonials from diverse sources and a recommendation from the Journal of Black Psychology.
Describe 5 human motivators (survival or self-preservation, love or belonging, power or inner control, freedom or independence, fun or enjoyment) and their relationship to at least 3 of the 4 stages of group development as they apply to culturally diverse clients exemplified through the role-play demonstration. Participants will be able to teach clients about these 5 motivators and link them to chosen behaviors.
Demonstrate the use of 3 techniques for helping clients self-Evaluate their behavior and their wants and understand the connection between self-evaluation and other components of the WDEP system: W: wants, perceptions and locus of control; D: action and cognition; P: specific and attainable change for positive change. Learning these techniques assists counselor to develop interventions for getting unstuck with clients.
Discuss 2 paradoxical techniques and how they are they are usable with reality therapy interventions for each group developmental stage discussed: facilitating inclusion, resolving conflict, building cohesion among group members, carrying the learning further with applications to more effective and productive living. Participants will discuss these interventions in triads with the opportunity to share a summary of their discussions with the larger group. The summary will include specific ideas about what to say when they don’t know what to say.